Loncat ke daftar isi utama

Bagaimana cara mengingat atau menyimpan nilai sel sebelumnya dari sel yang diubah di Excel?

Biasanya, saat memperbarui sel dengan konten baru, nilai sebelumnya akan tercakup kecuali membatalkan operasi di Excel. Namun, jika Anda ingin menyimpan nilai sebelumnya untuk membandingkan dengan yang diperbarui, menyimpan nilai sel sebelumnya ke sel lain atau ke dalam komentar sel akan menjadi pilihan yang baik. Metode dalam artikel ini akan membantu Anda mencapainya.

Simpan nilai sel sebelumnya dengan kode VBA di Excel


Simpan nilai sel sebelumnya dengan kode VBA di Excel

Misalkan Anda memiliki tabel seperti gambar di bawah ini. Jika ada sel di kolom C yang berubah, Anda ingin menyimpan nilai sebelumnya ke dalam sel kolom G yang sesuai atau menyimpan dalam komentar secara otomatis. Mohon lakukan hal berikut untuk mencapainya.

1. Pada lembar kerja berisi nilai yang akan Anda simpan saat memperbarui, klik kanan tab lembar dan pilih Lihat kode dari menu klik kanan. Lihat tangkapan layar:

2. Dalam pembukaan Microsoft Visual Basic untuk Aplikasi jendela, salin kode VBA di bawah ini ke jendela Kode.

Kode VBA berikut membantu Anda menyimpan nilai sel sebelumnya dari kolom tertentu ke kolom lain.

Kode VBA: Simpan nilai sel sebelumnya ke sel kolom lain

Dim xRg As Range
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I As Long
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xDCell As Range
    Dim xHeader As String
    Dim xCommText As String
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    xHeader = "Previous value :"
    x = xDic.Keys
    For I = 0 To UBound(xDic.Keys)
        Set xCell = Range(xDic.Keys(I))
        Set xDCell = Cells(xCell.Row, 7)
        xDCell.Value = ""
        xDCell.Value = xDic.Items(I)
    Next
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I, J As Long
    Dim xRgArea As Range
    On Error GoTo Label1
    If Target.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Set xDependRg = Target.Dependents
    If xDependRg Is Nothing Then GoTo Label1
    If Not xDependRg Is Nothing Then
        Set xDependRg = Intersect(xDependRg, Range("C:C"))
    End If
Label1:
    Set xRg = Intersect(Target, Range("C:C"))
    If (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = Union(xRg, xDependRg)
    ElseIf (xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xDependRg
    ElseIf (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xRg
    Else
        Application.EnableEvents = True
        Exit Sub
    End If
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For I = 1 To xChangeRg.Areas.Count
        Set xRgArea = xChangeRg.Areas(I)
        For J = 1 To xRgArea.Count
            xDic.Add xRgArea(J).Address, xRgArea(J).Formula
        Next
    Next
    Set xChangeRg = Nothing
    Set xRg = Nothing
    Set xDependRg = Nothing
    Application.EnableEvents = True
End Sub

Untuk menyimpan nilai sel sebelumnya dalam komentar, harap terapkan kode VBA di bawah ini

Kode VBA: Simpan nilai sel sebelumnya di komentar

Dim xRg As Range
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I As Long
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xHeader As String
    Dim xCommText As String
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    xHeader = "Previous value :"
    For I = 0 To UBound(xDic.Keys)
        Set xCell = Range(xDic.Keys(I))
        If Not xCell.Comment Is Nothing Then xCell.Comment.Delete
        With xCell
            .AddComment
            .Comment.Visible = False
            .Comment.Text xHeader & vbCrLf & xDic.Items(I)
        End With
    Next
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I, J As Long
    Dim xRgArea As Range
    On Error GoTo Label1
    If Target.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Set xDependRg = Target.Dependents
    If xDependRg Is Nothing Then GoTo Label1
    If Not xDependRg Is Nothing Then
        Set xDependRg = Intersect(xDependRg, Range("C:C"))
    End If
Label1:
    Set xRg = Intersect(Target, Range("C:C"))
    If (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = Union(xRg, xDependRg)
    ElseIf (xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xDependRg
    ElseIf (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xRg
    Else
        Application.EnableEvents = True
        Exit Sub
    End If
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For I = 1 To xChangeRg.Areas.Count
        Set xRgArea = xChangeRg.Areas(I)
        For J = 1 To xRgArea.Count
            xDic.Add xRgArea(J).Address, xRgArea(J).Text
        Next
    Next
    Set xChangeRg = Nothing
    Set xRg = Nothing
    Set xDependRg = Nothing
    Application.EnableEvents = True
End Sub

Note: Dalam kode, angka 7 menunjukkan kolom G tempat Anda akan menyimpan sel sebelumnya, dan C: C adalah kolom tempat Anda menyimpan nilai sel sebelumnya. Silakan ubah sesuai kebutuhan Anda.

3. klik Tools > Referensi untuk membuka Referensi - VBAProject kotak dialog, periksa Runtime Microsoft Scripting kotak, dan terakhir klik OK tombol. Lihat tangkapan layar:

4. tekan lain + Q kunci untuk menutup Microsoft Visual Basic untuk Aplikasi jendela.

Mulai sekarang, ketika nilai sel di kolom C diperbarui, nilai sel sebelumnya akan disimpan ke dalam sel yang sesuai di kolom G, atau simpan dalam komentar seperti yang ditunjukkan tangkapan layar di bawah ini.

Simpan nilai sel sebelumnya di sel lain:

Simpan nilai sel sebelumnya di komentar:

Alat Produktivitas Kantor Terbaik

馃 Kutools AI Ajudan: Merevolusi analisis data berdasarkan: Eksekusi Cerdas   |  Hasilkan Kode  |  Buat Rumus Khusus  |  Analisis Data dan Hasilkan Grafik  |  Aktifkan Fungsi Kutools...
Fitur Populer: Temukan, Sorot, atau Identifikasi Duplikat   |  Hapus Baris Kosong   |  Gabungkan Kolom atau Sel tanpa Kehilangan Data   |   Putaran tanpa Formula ...
Pencarian Super: VLookup Beberapa Kriteria    VLookup Nilai Berganda  |   VLookup di Beberapa Lembar   |   Pencarian Fuzzy ....
Daftar Drop-down Lanjutan: Buat Daftar Drop Down dengan Cepat   |  Daftar Drop Down yang Bergantung   |  Multi-pilih Drop Down List ....
Manajer Kolom: Tambahkan Jumlah Kolom Tertentu  |  Pindahkan Kolom  |  Alihkan Status Visibilitas Kolom Tersembunyi  |  Bandingkan Rentang & Kolom ...
Fitur Unggulan: Fokus Kisi   |  Tampilan Desain   |   Bar Formula Besar    Manajer Buku Kerja & Lembar   |  Perpustakaan Sumberdaya (Teks otomatis)   |  Pemetik tanggal   |  Gabungkan Lembar Kerja   |  Enkripsi/Dekripsi Sel    Kirim Email berdasarkan Daftar   |  Filter Super   |   Filter Khusus (filter tebal/miring/coret...) ...
15 Perangkat Teratas12 Teks Tools (Tambahkan Teks, Hapus Karakter, ...)   |   50 + Grafik jenis (Gantt Chart, ...)   |   40+ Praktis Rumus (Hitung usia berdasarkan ulang tahun, ...)   |   19 Insersi Tools (Masukkan Kode QR, Sisipkan Gambar dari Jalur, ...)   |   12 Konversi Tools (Angka ke Kata, Konversi Mata Uang, ...)   |   7 Gabungkan & Pisahkan Tools (Lanjutan Gabungkan Baris, Pisahkan Sel, ...)   |   ... dan banyak lagi

Tingkatkan Keterampilan Excel Anda dengan Kutools for Excel, dan Rasakan Efisiensi yang Belum Pernah Ada Sebelumnya. Kutools for Excel Menawarkan Lebih dari 300 Fitur Lanjutan untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas dan Menghemat Waktu.  Klik Di Sini untuk Mendapatkan Fitur yang Paling Anda Butuhkan...

Deskripsi Produk


Tab Office Membawa antarmuka Tab ke Office, dan Membuat Pekerjaan Anda Jauh Lebih Mudah

  • Aktifkan pengeditan dan pembacaan tab di Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Publisher, Access, Visio, dan Project.
  • Buka dan buat banyak dokumen di tab baru di jendela yang sama, bukan di jendela baru.
  • Meningkatkan produktivitas Anda sebesar 50%, dan mengurangi ratusan klik mouse untuk Anda setiap hari!
Comments (23)
No ratings yet. Be the first to rate!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, I'm a newbie of VBA馃憢

I have a question here 馃
I pasted the VBA code: Save previous cell value in the comment I my excel but
What if my previous cell is blank then do nothing (No comment) for that particular BLANK cell?
How do I modify the VBA code?
Any expert to provide any solution of this, many thanks馃憢
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi!

Thank you for the function, i would like to know what i have to change to keep all the change.

For exemple if i change two time the value i want te save both last values.

Thank you in advance for the help!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi,
The following VBA code accomplishes this: Track all changes in Column C and store the previous values in successive columns starting from Column G. If Column G is not where you want to start storing these values, adjust the xColumn = 7 line in the code (7 represents Column G, 8 for Column H, and so on).
Hope I can help.

Dim xRg As Range
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary

Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
'Updated by extendoffice 20240112
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xPrevCell As Range
    Dim xColumn As Long
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False

    For Each xCell In Target
        If Not xDic.Exists(xCell.Address) Then GoTo NextCell
        If Intersect(xCell, Me.Range("C:C")) Is Nothing Then GoTo NextCell

        ' Find next available column starting from G
        xColumn = 7
        While Me.Cells(xCell.Row, xColumn).Value <> ""
            xColumn = xColumn + 1
        Wend

        ' Save previous value to the next available column
        Set xPrevCell = Me.Cells(xCell.Row, xColumn)
        xPrevCell.Value = xDic(xCell.Address)

NextCell:
    Next xCell

    ' Clear the dictionary and re-enable events
    xDic.RemoveAll
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
    On Error GoTo 0
End Sub

Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim cell As Range
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.EnableEvents = False

    ' Reset dictionary and store current values for cells in column C
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For Each cell In Intersect(Target, Me.Range("C:C"))
        If Not cell Is Nothing Then
            xDic.Add cell.Address, cell.Value
        End If
    Next cell

    Application.EnableEvents = True
    On Error GoTo 0
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Can any body help in this problem
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
saving the previous data when entering manually but not working when data is refreshing from a web site, it is doing nothing
please help
thanks
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Kamal.
This problem is a bit complicated. After trying various methods, I can't deal with it. I am sorry for that.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
only working when entering data manually
but not working when data is refreshing from a website
please help
thanks
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
cho e h峄廼 ch煤t l脿 c贸 c谩ch n脿o 膽峄 khi t铆nh to谩n c峄檔g tr峄 xong th矛 n贸 s岷 l瓢u l岷 gi谩 tr峄 khi t铆nh to谩n xong kh么ng 岷
v铆 d峄:
Gi谩 tr峄 峄 c峄檛 A = c峄檛 B + c峄檛 C
Khi t铆nh to谩n xong c峄檛 A s岷 l瓢u gi谩 tr峄 sau khi 膽茫 t铆nh to谩n xong, l岷 ti岷縫 theo t铆nh to谩n th矛 n贸 c峄檛 A s岷 l岷 gi谩 tr峄 hi峄噉 t岷 膽峄 t铆nh to谩n ti岷縫 ch峄 kh么ng l岷 gi谩 tr峄 ban 膽岷 岷
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi trung,
The code has been updated. Please give it a try. Thanks for your feedback.
In the following code, the number 5 in this line Set xDCell = Cells(xCell.Row, 5) represents the column E where you will place the previous value. A:A refers to the cells in column A. You need to save the previous values of these cells.

Dim xRg As Range
'Updated by Extendoffice 20220803
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I As Long
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xDCell As Range
    Dim xHeader As String
    Dim xCommText As String
    Dim X
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    xHeader = "Previous value :"
    X = xDic.Keys
    For I = 0 To UBound(xDic.Keys)
        Set xCell = Range(xDic.Keys(I))
        Set xDCell = Cells(xCell.Row, 5)
        
        xDCell.NumberFormatLocal = xCell.NumberFormatLocal
        xDCell.Value = xDic.Items(I)
        
    Next
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I, J As Long
    Dim xRgArea As Range
    On Error GoTo Label1
    If Target.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Set xDependRg = Target.Dependents
    If xDependRg Is Nothing Then GoTo Label1
    If Not xDependRg Is Nothing Then
        Set xDependRg = Intersect(xDependRg, Range("A:A"))
    End If
Label1:
    Set xRg = Intersect(Target, Range("A:A"))
    If (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = Union(xRg, xDependRg)
    ElseIf (xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xDependRg
    ElseIf (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xRg
    Else
        Application.EnableEvents = True
        Exit Sub
    End If
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For I = 1 To xChangeRg.Areas.Count
        Set xRgArea = xChangeRg.Areas(I)
        For J = 1 To xRgArea.Count
            xDic.Add xRgArea(J).Address, xRgArea(J).Text ' xRgArea(J).Formula
        Next
    Next
    Set xChangeRg = Nothing
    Set xRg = Nothing
    Set xDependRg = Nothing
    Application.EnableEvents = True
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
It is good if you type in.Can you help me to work it in when data is entered by using the value of function from DDE(Dynamic Data Exchange) as well?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi,
Sorry I can't solve this problem. I suggest you post the problem to the forum below to get help from other Excel enthusiasts.
https://www.extendoffice.com/forum/kutools-for-excel.html
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Is there a way to repeat this for all changes? I would like the Comments Box to show all of the previous entries if possible.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Jennie! Did you manage to solve this issue? I am also trying to collect in a comments box all the new entries, but I am having difficulties to adapt the VBA code to this. Thank you!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
If the cell I want to save is a formula, the G cell will only save the formula, and calculate the value. I need to save the value - not the formula. How can I tell the VBA code, that the value changes although the formula is not changed. Best regards Flemming
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This is for one cell value ,but how do for multiple cell value ,i want 4 cell data store and update like this for example C,D,E,F cell data into G,H,I,J cell respectively ,how can do please help
There are no comments posted here yet
Load More
Please leave your comments in English
Posting as Guest
Rate this post:
0   Characters
Suggested Locations