Loncat ke daftar isi utama

Bagaimana cara menyimpan dan menutup buku kerja setelah tidak aktif untuk jangka waktu tertentu?

Terkadang, Anda mungkin secara tidak sengaja menutup buku kerja saat Anda sibuk dengan urusan lain dalam waktu lama yang mungkin kehilangan beberapa data penting di buku kerja. Apakah ada trik untuk menyimpan dan menutup buku kerja secara otomatis jika Anda telah menonaktifkannya selama jangka waktu tertentu?

Simpan otomatis dan tutup buku kerja setelah tidak aktif selama jangka waktu tertentu dengan VBA

panah gelembung kanan biru Simpan otomatis dan tutup buku kerja setelah tidak aktif selama jangka waktu tertentu dengan VBA

Tidak ada fungsi bawaan di Excel untuk mengatasi masalah ini, tetapi saya dapat memperkenalkan kode makro yang dapat membantu Anda menyimpan dan menutup buku kerja setelah tidak ada aktivitas dalam waktu tertentu.

1. Aktifkan buku kerja yang ingin Anda simpan dan tutup secara otomatis setelah tidak ada aktivitas selama beberapa detik, dan tekan Alt + F11 kunci untuk membuka Microsoft Visual Basic untuk Aplikasi jendela.

2. klik Menyisipkan > Modul untuk membuat a Modul script, dan tempel kode di bawah ini. Lihat tangkapan layar:

Dim CloseTime As Date
Sub TimeSetting()
    CloseTime = Now + TimeValue("00:00:15")
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
      Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=True
End Sub
Sub TimeStop()
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
      Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=False
 End Sub
Sub SavedAndClose()
    ActiveWorkbook.Close Savechanges:=True
End Sub

 

doc simpan tutup buku kerja setelah tidak ada aktivitas 1

3. Kemudian di Penjelajah Proyek panel, klik dua kali Buku Kerja ini, dan tempel kode di bawah ini ke skrip samping. Lihat tangkapan layar:

Private Sub Workbook_BeforeClose(Cancel As Boolean)
    Call TimeStop
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_Open()
    Call TimeSetting
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)
   Call TimeStop
   Call TimeSetting
End Sub

 

doc simpan tutup buku kerja setelah tidak ada aktivitas 2

4. Pergi ke klik dua kali pada modul yang Anda masukkan pada langkah 2, dan tekan F5 kunci untuk menjalankan kode. Lihat tangkapan layar:
doc simpan tutup buku kerja setelah tidak ada aktivitas 3

5. Kemudian setelah 15 detik, ada dialog muncul untuk mengingatkan Anda menyimpan workbook, dan klik Yes untuk menyimpan dan menutup buku kerja.
doc simpan tutup buku kerja setelah tidak ada aktivitas 4

Tip:

(1) Di kode pertama, Anda dapat mengubah waktu tidak aktif ke lainnya dalam string ini: Now + TimeValue ("00:00:15")

(2) Jika Anda belum pernah menyimpan buku kerja sebelumnya, file Save As kotak dialog akan keluar terlebih dahulu dan meminta Anda untuk menyimpannya.
doc simpan tutup buku kerja setelah tidak ada aktivitas 5


baik Lindungi Lembar Kerja

Kutools untuk Excel Lindungi Lembar Kerja fungsi dapat dengan cepat melindungi beberapa lembar atau seluruh buku kerja sekaligus.
doc melindungi banyak lembar kerja

Alat Produktivitas Kantor Terbaik

Fitur Populer: Temukan, Sorot, atau Identifikasi Duplikat   |  Hapus Baris Kosong   |  Gabungkan Kolom atau Sel tanpa Kehilangan Data   |   Putaran tanpa Formula ...
Pencarian Super: VLookup Beberapa Kriteria    VLookup Nilai Berganda  |   VLookup di Beberapa Lembar   |   Pencarian Fuzzy ....
Daftar Drop-down Lanjutan: Buat Daftar Drop Down dengan Cepat   |  Daftar Drop Down yang Bergantung   |  Multi-pilih Drop Down List ....
Manajer Kolom: Tambahkan Jumlah Kolom Tertentu  |  Pindahkan Kolom  |  Alihkan Status Visibilitas Kolom Tersembunyi  |  Bandingkan Rentang & Kolom ...
Fitur Unggulan: Fokus Kisi   |  Tampilan Desain   |   Bar Formula Besar    Manajer Buku Kerja & Lembar   |  Perpustakaan Sumberdaya (Teks otomatis)   |  Pemetik tanggal   |  Gabungkan Lembar Kerja   |  Enkripsi/Dekripsi Sel    Kirim Email berdasarkan Daftar   |  Filter Super   |   Filter Khusus (filter tebal/miring/coret...) ...
15 Perangkat Teratas12 Teks Tools (Tambahkan Teks, Hapus Karakter, ...)   |   50 + Grafik jenis (Gantt Chart, ...)   |   40+ Praktis Rumus (Hitung usia berdasarkan ulang tahun, ...)   |   19 Insersi Tools (Masukkan Kode QR, Sisipkan Gambar dari Jalur, ...)   |   12 Konversi Tools (Angka ke Kata, Konversi Mata Uang, ...)   |   7 Gabungkan & Pisahkan Tools (Lanjutan Gabungkan Baris, Pisahkan Sel, ...)   |   ... dan banyak lagi

Tingkatkan Keterampilan Excel Anda dengan Kutools for Excel, dan Rasakan Efisiensi yang Belum Pernah Ada Sebelumnya. Kutools for Excel Menawarkan Lebih dari 300 Fitur Lanjutan untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas dan Menghemat Waktu.  Klik Di Sini untuk Mendapatkan Fitur yang Paling Anda Butuhkan...

tab kte 201905


Tab Office Membawa antarmuka Tab ke Office, dan Membuat Pekerjaan Anda Jauh Lebih Mudah

  • Aktifkan pengeditan dan pembacaan tab di Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Publisher, Access, Visio, dan Project.
  • Buka dan buat banyak dokumen di tab baru di jendela yang sama, bukan di jendela baru.
  • Meningkatkan produktivitas Anda sebesar 50%, dan mengurangi ratusan klik mouse untuk Anda setiap hari!
Comments (11)
No ratings yet. Be the first to rate!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
When I don't want to edit and I just want to consult, the file still closes. It shouldn't close. Should restart counting when I select cells. What is the solution?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
When I don't want to edit and I just want to consult, the file still closes. It shouldn't close. Should restart counting when I select cells. What is the solution?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This is great. Any tips on adding a popup message box that will warn the user the sheet is about to close and give them the option to reset the timer?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I'm not sure what happened but this solution no longer works. Here is the fix to this solution that worked for me:

````
Dim resetCount As Long

Public Sub Workbook_Open()
On Error Resume Next
Set xWB = ThisWorkbook
resetCount = 0
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)On Error Resume Next
Reset
End Sub

Sub Reset()On Error Resume Next
Static xCloseTime
If resetCount <> 0 Then
ThisWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", Schedule:=False
resetCount = resetCount + 1
xCloseTime = DateAdd("n", 15, Now)
ThisWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", Schedule:=True

Else
resetCount = resetCount + 1
xCloseTime = DateAdd("n", 15, Now)
ThisWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", Schedule:=True
End If
End Sub
````
This is using the same SaveWork1 As:
````Sub SaveWork1()
Application.DisplayAlerts = False
ThisWorkbook.Save
ThisWorkbook.Close

Application.DisplayAlerts = True
End Sub

````
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
If you are working in a separate workbook at the point where close time is reached then it will close that workbook and not the inactive one. This can be solved by adjusting the code to: - corrected and tested from the below comment - use this code:

Enter into "This Workbook"

Private Sub Workbook_BeforeClose(Cancel As Boolean)
Call TimeStop
End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_Open()
Call TimeSetting
End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)
Call TimeStop
Call TimeSetting
End Sub


Enter into "module":

Dim CloseTime As Date
Sub TimeSetting()
CloseTime = Now + TimeValue("00:10:00")
On Error Resume Next
Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=True
End Sub
Sub TimeStop()
On Error Resume Next
Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=False
End Sub
Sub SavedAndClose()
ThisWorkbook.Close Savechanges:=True
End Sub


you can change the time setting by changing CloseTime = Now + TimeValue("00:10:00") - this is set to 10 minutes, change the("00:10:00") to whatever time you want and it works.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
hi i want insert this code to an other code like expiration code with this code how i can do....?
code is...following
Private Sub Workbook_Open()

Dim exdate As Date
Dim i As Integer

'modify values for expiration date here !!!
anul = 2019 'year
luna = 5 'month
ziua = 16 'day

exdate = DateSerial(anul, luna, ziua)

If Date > exdate Then
MsgBox ("The application " & ThisWorkbook.Name & " has expired !" & vbNewLine & vbNewLine _
& "Expiration set up date is: " & exdate & " :)" & vbNewLine & vbNewLine _
& "Contact Administrator to renew the version !"), vbCritical, ThisWorkbook.Name

expired_file = ThisWorkbook.Path & "\" & ThisWorkbook.Name

On Error GoTo ErrorHandler
With Workbooks(ThisWorkbook.Name)
If .Path <> "" Then

.Saved = True
.ChangeFileAccess xlReadOnly

Kill expired_file

'get the name of the addin if it is addin and unistall addin
If Application.Version >= 12 Then
i = 5
Else: i = 4
End If

If Right(ThisWorkbook.Name, i) = ".xlam" Or Right(ThisWorkbook.Name, i) = ".xla" Then
wbName = Left(ThisWorkbook.Name, Len(ThisWorkbook.Name) - i)
'uninstall addin if it is installed
If AddIns(wbName).Installed Then
AddIns(wbName).Installed = False
End If
End If

.Close

End If
End With

Exit Sub

End If

'MsgBox ("You have " & exdate - Date & "Days left")
Exit Sub

ErrorHandler:
MsgBox "Fail to delete file.. "
Exit Sub

End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
brilliant thanks
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
If you are working in a separate workbook at the point where close time is reached then it will close that workbook and not the inactive one. This can be solved by adjusting the code to:

Dim CloseTime As Date
Dim WKB As String
Sub TimeSetting()
WKB = ActiveWorkbook.Name
CloseTime = Now + TimeValue("00:00:15")
On Error Resume Next
Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=True
End Sub
Sub TimeStop()
On Error Resume Next
Application.OnTime EarliestTime:=CloseTime, _
Procedure:="SavedAndClose", Schedule:=False
End Sub
Sub SavedAndClose()
Workbooks(WKB).Close Savechanges:=True
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I sometimes run into a "Running time Error" when open the workbook that has this code built into it. Anyway to write this code better for it to be more stable?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I noticed the same thing. And found the same solution :-)
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
The above code is not working when a cell is active. That is

1. enter a value in the cell (don't press Enter or tab)

2. minimize the excel.

In this case the code is not working.
There are no comments posted here yet
Please leave your comments in English
Posting as Guest
×
Rate this post:
0   Characters
Suggested Locations