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Bagaimana cara menyimpan dan menutup file Excel secara otomatis setelah waktu idle tertentu?

Dalam beberapa kasus, seperti meninggalkan file Excel di disk bersama, saat file masih dibuka oleh pengguna, orang lain tidak bisa mengedit buku kerja. Jadi bagaimana cara menutup file secara otomatis setelah waktu idle tertentu untuk memudahkan pekerjaan orang lain? Artikel ini akan membantu Anda dengan metode VBA.

Simpan dan tutup file Excel secara otomatis setelah waktu idle tertentu dengan kode VBA


Simpan dan tutup file Excel secara otomatis setelah waktu idle tertentu dengan kode VBA

Untuk menyimpan dan menutup file Excel secara otomatis setelah waktu idle tertentu, lakukan hal berikut.

1. Buka workbook yang Anda perlukan agar otomatis disimpan dan ditutup setelah waktu idle tertentu. Kemudian tekan lain + F11 kunci bersama untuk membuka Microsoft Visual Basic untuk Aplikasi jendela.

2. Dalam Microsoft Visual Basic untuk Aplikasi jendela, harap klik dua kali Buku Kerja Ini di panel kanan untuk membuka jendela Kode. Kemudian salin dan tempel kode VBA di bawah ini ke jendela Kode. Lihat tangkapan layar:

Kode VBA 1: Simpan dan tutup file Excel secara otomatis setelah waktu idle tertentu

Dim xTime As String
Dim xWB As Workbook

Private Sub Workbook_Open()
'Updated by Extendoffice 2019/1/20
    On Error Resume Next
    xTime = Application.InputBox("Please specify the idle time:", "KuTool For Excel", "00:00:20", , , , , 2)
    Set xWB = ActiveWorkbook
    If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
    Reset
End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_SheetActivate(ByVal Sh As Object)
    On Error Resume Next
    If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
    Reset
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)
    On Error Resume Next
    If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
    Reset
End Sub

Sub Reset()
    Static xCloseTime
    If xCloseTime <> 0 Then
        ActiveWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", , False
    End If
    xCloseTime = Now + TimeValue(xTime)
    ActiveWorkbook.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", , True
End Sub

3. Kemudian lanjutkan dengan mengklik Menyisipkan > modul, dan salin dan tempel kode di bawah ini ke jendela Modul. Lihat tangkapan layar:

Kode VBA 2: Simpan dan tutup file Excel secara otomatis setelah waktu idle tertentu

Sub SaveWork1()
'Updated by Extendoffice 2019/1/20
    Application.DisplayAlerts = False
    ActiveWorkbook.Save
    ActiveWorkbook.Close
    
    Application.DisplayAlerts = True
End Sub

4. tekan lain + Q tombol secara bersamaan untuk menutup Microsoft Visual Basic untuk Aplikasi jendela.

5. klik File > Save As > Browse. Lihat tangkapan layar:

6. Dalam Save As kotak dialog, pilih folder untuk menyimpan file, beri nama sesuai kebutuhan di kotak Nama file, pilih Buku Kerja Excel dengan Makro Aktif dari Simpan sebagai mengetik daftar drop-down, dan terakhir klik Save tombol. Lihat tangkapan layar:

Mulai sekarang, setiap kali membuka workbook ini, a Kutools untuk Excel kotak dialog akan muncul. Harap masukkan waktu Anda akan menyimpan dan menutup buku kerja berdasarkan, lalu klik OK .

Dan buku kerja akan disimpan dan ditutup secara otomatis setelah waktu idle yang ditentukan. Lihat tangkapan layar:

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Comments (30)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello good afternoon! I would like MSBox not to appear when opening the file. I don't want them to change the configured closing time.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
The Problem is it`s a file with links and every time you start it, it will ask you if you would update it and read only mode?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello
Code works but if i close the file before the time runs out, It will open it again and close. how can i stop the code when i close the file manual.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi,

I tested the code and it did not reproduce the problem you mentioned. Can I ask which version of Excel you are using?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi
It is Microsoft Excel 365 MSO (Version 2308) 32 bit.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This is my Code:

Dim xTime As String
Dim xWB As Workbook

Private Sub Workbook_Open()
On Error Resume Next
xTime = "00:00:35"
Set xWB = Workbooks("Produktionsbericht - Kopie.xlsm")
If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
Reset
End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_SheetActivate(ByVal Sh As Object)
On Error Resume Next
If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
Reset
End Sub

Private Sub Workbook_SheetChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range)
On Error Resume Next
If xTime = "" Then Exit Sub
Reset
End Sub

Sub Reset()
Static xCloseTime
If xCloseTime <> 0 Then
xWB.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", , False
End If
xCloseTime = Now + TimeValue(xTime)
xWB.Application.OnTime xCloseTime, "SaveWork1", , True
End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello
All works at my file but i have a new Problem.
If i close the file before the time runs out, it will open it again and close it when the time runs out.
Can i stop the VBA Code when i close the File myself?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Code is not working if the module is protected, is there any way to get the code run if module is protected.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Chinna,

If the module is protected, the code is hidden and cannot be run. Sorry for the inconvenience.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Perdonen, si se pudiera modificar el código o adaptarlo para que reaccione con formularios (UserForm), porque solo reacciona al estar activo en las celdas pero no en los formularios, gracias
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Moises Peraza,
UserForm does not affect the use of the VBA code. Can you describe the problem you encountered more clearly.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Gracias por responder, el inconveniente que tengo es: le pongo de tiempo de inactividad 2 min. En el momento de trabajar con formularios (ingresar información del cliente), pasado ese tiempo me cierra o me tira el mensaje que se cerrara, espero darme a entender
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi mister, how to view the countdown?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi mister, how to view the countdown?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
(Sigh.)
Have a look at the code.
If you put this VBA into Excel001.xlsm, but, when the timeout occurs, you have Excel002.xlsm as the "active" workbook, then it's actually going to close THAT Excel file, rather than the one you've put the VBA into.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
look below, Mark's comment : "I would recommend identifying the workbook with the workbook file name. This would allow the users to have multiple workbooks open and closing out only the specific workbook that needs to have the time lock.

Suggestion: Set xwb = Workbooks("<file name>")
instead of: Set xwb = ActiveWorkbook

Also, replace all references to "ActiveWorkbook" to the Xwb in the module

Great code otherwise."
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi. I need to set my shared spreadsheet on the office network to auto save and close when I'm done with it for the day. Only my boss and I are supposed to make and save changes, but several managers view it daily.
I need to be able to have it auto save for the two of us, while not saving for other users. Is this possible? Can I set the macro to work only for us? Or will it effect everyone?
I know how to protect the sheet, but I can't do that, because they want to be able to make some temporary changes from time to time. I just need to be able restrict auto save to specific users.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Is there a way to change this so it prompts the user to save/close the file, instead of automatically saving and closing the file?
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